Every parent hopes for their child to be smart and to excel in school. A gifted child is an ability significantly higher than other children of the same age. But sometimes parents do not know what to do with a child who is special and extraordinary.
The National Association for Gifted Children (NAGC) defines giftedness as “ability … significantly above the normal for a child’s age.” A child may be gifted in one or more areas, including:
- Intellectual (I.Q.)
- An academic field such as language arts, mathematics, or science.
There are few ways in which giftedness manifests.
Talent – Students can have the raw talent to overperform in one or more domain. The National Association for Gifted Children specifies five domains where children may demonstrate their talent: intellectual, creative, artistic, leadership, and academic domains.
Performance – Students should demonstrate the ability to draw upon their raw talent to perform at impressive levels in one or more domain.
Comparative – Students should have their performance compared against their peers to reveal whether that performance is significantly better than other students.
- Bodily-kinesthetic: -physical abilities; bodily agility; hand-eye coordination; handling of objects.
- Intrapersonal: – abilities applied “within the self”; self-awareness or introspection of beliefs, emotions, goals, and motivations.
- Interpersonal: -interacting with and understanding others – verbal and non-verbal communication; sensitivity to others’ moods and temperaments.
- Logical-mathematical: -understanding abstract and complex ideas; deductive reasoning; detecting patterns; working with numbers.
- Musical-rhythmic: –discerning pitch, rhythm, and tone; movement to music; development of rhythms; the creation, recognition, reflection, and reproduction of music.
- Naturalistic: –relation to physical surroundings; growth of natural foods (e.g. fruits and vegetables); nature survival; knowledge of animals, plants, etc.
- Verbal-linguistic: –understanding and use of language; verbal and written skills; use of rhythm, sound, and tone in words; a memory of images, faces, and fine details.
- Visual-spatial: – cognition involving images and pictures; spatial judgment and reasoning; visualization of objects.
While these are three general means by which giftedness can be identified, there are also relatively concrete ways by which giftedness can be identified.
IQ tests can be a first step, including the Woodcock-Johnson, Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children or Stanford Binet (L-M). While an average intelligence score is 90-110, gifted kids will typically score well above this. Giftedness may also be somewhat hereditary and a child may score within 10 points of a sibling or parent.
“Gifted children already know nearly 60 percent of all kindergarten material on the very first day of class.”
Gifted children often demonstrate several signs and behaviors that are associated with being gifted. Gifted children are often perfectionists who have a heightened sensitivity regarding expectations of them. This combination means they will often attempt to perform at a high level and feel as if they have let others down when they fail to meet expectations. As a result, they may feel they have failed if they get anything less than an “A” grade for their work.
Still, according to the study, gifted children aren’t necessarily so advanced that they don’t need assistance. Teachers are still vital to helping them realize their full potential. Benbow says these kids compared to children with special needs in that teachers need to be as responsive to what they require to learn.
Also keep in mind that when giftedness has been recognized, not all schools have the resources to provide stretching challenges to extremely bright children, which can lead to boredom and underperformance. It might thus be appropriate to look into hiring a private tutor who can help your child excel.
They are curious and ask a lot of questions.
And take their own approach to assignments.
So they have a large vocabulary and prefer adult conversation.
Also have original ideas.
They are cognitively advanced and able to self-teach new skills.
Are sensitive to their environment.
Have strong feelings.
How to make Differences between “GIFTED” AND “BRIGHT” child.
Gifted children are not just “bright”. Smart and bright kids work hard to achieve success in the classroom. In contrary to gifted children often already know the answers without much effort. This can cause problems in the traditional classroom. Without internal incentives and external stimulation, gifted kids will often withdraw into their rich inner worlds.
15 :- SIGNS OF A GIFTED CHILD
1. THEY SOUND LIKE A PROFESSOR
2. THEY IDENTIFY PATTERNS
3. THEY’RE VORACIOUS READERS
4. THEY’RE INCREDIBLY TALENTED AT SOMETHING
5. THEY LIKE THE COMPANY OF ADULTS OR OLDER KIDS
6. THEY HAVE EXCELLENT FOCUS
7. THEY ARE MATURE
8. THEY ARE ORIGINAL
9. THEY ARE LEADERS
10. THEY DON’T NEED DIRECTIONS
11. THEY’RE HIGH ENERGY
12. THEY NEED SOME “ME TIME”
13. THEY LOVE NATURE
14. THEY UNDERACHIEVE
15. THEY THINK LEARNING IS FUN.
“An accurate label, and a clear explanation, and ongoing guidance about what it means to be gifted will help gifted children adapt.” – Gail Post, Ph.D.
Finding out if a child is developmentally challenged, for example, can mean the difference between success and failure. This also applies to a gifted child.
Gifted children who remain unidentified often become targets for labeling and bullying. Certainly, we cannot afford to let this happen.
A gifted child has the potential to become a leader in this complex global society. Above all, children with unique gifts must be placed in the right situations and allowed to obtain success – on their terms.